Just about a week ago I bought a used HP Z8 G4 Workstation on eBay to be used as a ConfigMgr / Intune lab machine. The machine I found only included a SATA SSD and of course I wanted more performance than that can bring, so I ordered a #shiny 4 TB NVMe SSD from Western Digital for my VMs: The WD_BLACK SN850X, which from its cover can do up to 7,300 MB/s read, and up to 1,200,000 IOPS. That's in theory at least 🙂
Note: If you want to learn more about building the perfect lab environment for MDT, ConfigMgr or Intune, check out my free community course here: https://academy.viamonstra.com/courses/mini-course-building-the-perfect-lab-for-configmgr-mdt-and-intune
For lab machines used to run a virtual Microsoft infrastructure – like Domain Controllers, ConfigMgr Servers, SQL Servers, MDT servers, Windows 10 and Windows 11 clients etc. – I found two benchmarking tests being particularly useful:
- Test 1: A DiskSpd test optimized for a ConfigMgr / SQL VM type workload
- Test 2: Extracting a 200 GB+ ZPAQ archive on the same volume.
From my experience, if the results from these tests are good, the lab machine will run a Microsoft infrastructure just fine.
Download: If you want to run the same workload in your lab, here is the script I used: https://github.com/DeploymentResearch/DRFiles/blob/master/Scripts/DiskSpd/Test-ConfigMgrWorkload.ps1
The M.2 Adapters
The two M.2 adapters I compare are the StarTech.com x4 PCIe 3.0 NVMe adapter (PEX4M2E1), and the HP x8 PCIe 3.0 Turbo Drive Dual M.2 SSD adapter (933576-001). The StarTech.com adapter was $22 on Amazon, and the HP adapter was $130 on eBay. While the HP adapter is capable of having two NVMe SSD's I ran the test with only for fairness, and also because I only had one disk to test with 🙂
Note: If you have $2800 to spare you can also buy the x21 card from Apex Storage. It's a full length PCIe x16 card with 21 (!) slots for M.2 SSD's.
The DiskSpd result for 100% read with a 64 kb block size was
- StarTech.com: 53859 IOPS and 3366 MB/s
- HP: 54293 IOPs and 3393 MB/s
The DiskSpd result for 100% write with a 64 kb block size was
- StarTech.com: 52319 IOPS and 3269 MB/s
- HP: 52321 IOPs and 3270 MB/s
The 200 GB ZPAQ Archive extraction on both adapters took 10 minutes.
For the Fun of It – SATA SSD Comparison
While I was running the test, I could not stop myself from running the same test on the SATA SSD that came with the machine. For that test I got 8500 IOPS and 530 MB/s read, and 4850 IOPS and 303 MB/s write. Extracting the ZPAQ archive took 37 minutes. All in all, more than 10x slower than the NVMe disk if looking at the raw DiskSpd data 🙂
For a single disk workload, the $22 adapter performed about as well as the $130 adapter, minor difference in favor of the HP adapter, but not much. And the results also indicates that it's the disk, rather than the PCIe bus or card, that is the bottleneck.
But I would like to say that if you have an HP workstation, there are two dedicated PCIe x8 slots for this type of board (assuming you have two CPU's). Leaving the other slots available for other peripherals.